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An Overview of European National Defence Strategies, 2018

An Overview of European National Defence Strategies, 2018

The Emerging Threat Profiles, Defence Cooperation, Spending and Industry Evolution Shape the European Security Strategies

RELEASE DATE
10-Sep-2018
REGION
Europe
Research Code: MDAC-01-00-00-00
SKU: AE01305-EU-MR_22299
$3,000.00
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Description

Europe’s economic recovery has been slow, countries are trying to reduce their national debt by reducing government spending , and this, in turn, has the potential to influence defence allocation .The economic situation of Cyprus, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, and Ireland continues to be worrying and future bailouts to support these countries might put additional pressure on defence spending. Even against this background, emerging conventional and unconventional security threats and the pressure from NATO and the US to meet the spending commitments might be sufficient to see a considerable defence spending growth in the future. The exit of the UK might result in higher defence spending to conduct operations more independently.

The increased tempo of air policing measures carried out by European air forces and the need to maintain high availability of the combat aircraft fleet might result in the military aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul business grow in the coming years. With newer and more advanced threats appearing from rival nations such as Russia and China, more funds might be invested in larger European nations into newer capabilities. Central European countries will build their air forces around the purchase/lease of aircraft. Larger countries and Central European countries will look to bolster their air defence equipment, both tactical and missile defence systems, to counter Russian missile deployments.

The ground deployments by NATO in the Eastern Flank of Europe would require high-readiness armour and mechanised and artillery forces. Larger countries might invest in a small number of new tanks and artillery. While inducting new infantry fighting vehicles and wheeled personnel carriers, vehicles in storage might be put back into service along with upgrades to existing vehicles, which might create opportunities for repair and upgrades. Central European countries primarily aim at upgrading existing vehicles and adding new wheeled armoured vehicles and procuring used self-propelled howitzers.

The cyber and perception warfare might require upgrading cyber defence tools, cyber intelligence gathering, infrastructure, and training. The use of chemical weapons in conflicts in Syria and by ISIL might convince European nations to upgrade their CBRN capabilities; this might open up business avenues in NBC suites, new vehicles, or upgrades to existing vehicles with enhanced NBC reconnaissance capabilities. Larger European nations invest in configurable multi-mission ships for anti-air, anti-submarine , anti-surface warfare. Maritime patrol might be improved through upgrades to the P-3 and Atlantique fleets and procurement of smaller aircraft. The refugee crisis has highlighted the need for enhanced search and rescue and patrol capabilities. Smaller European nations might invest in patrol vessels to replace older vessels.

Key Issues Addressed

  • What are the drivers for defence spending in Europe and how are they impacting European spending priorities?
  • How much do European countries spend on defence—current defence budgets, budget pressures, and spending priorities?
  • How are defence forces structured and what are their key procurement and modernisation programmes?
  • What are the future scenarios that could unfold in the next ten years and how will they impact defence budgets and prioritisation?
  • How will the offerings of defence contractors need to evolve for them to compete?

RESEARCH: INFOGRAPHIC

This infographic presents a brief overview of the research, and highlights the key topics discussed in it.
Click image to view it in full size

Table of Contents

Key Findings

Study Scope

Introduction

An Overview of the European Security Scenario

European Geopolitical Scenario—Threats

European Defence Spending

European Security Strategy

European Defence Cooperation Frameworks

EU and NATO Members—2018

Operational Priorities for Cooperation

EU Common Security and Defence Strategy

European Bilateral and Multilateral Defence Cooperation Agreements

PESCO Capability Enhancement

Future European Strategy and Capability Enhancement

NATO and US Ground Deployments in the European Eastern Flank

NATO Engagement in Europe

US Policy Towards Europe

Future of US and NATO Role in Europe

Growth Opportunity 1—Simulated Training and Automated Logistics Management

Growth Opportunity 2—Compressing the Sensor to Shooter Loop

Growth Opportunity 3—Performance Based Logistics

Growth Opportunity 4—Europeanization of the Defence Industry

Growth Opportunity 5—ISR as a Service

Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth

United Kingdom—Strategic Context

The UK—Defence Structure

The UK—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

France—Strategic Context

France—Defence Structure

France—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Germany—Strategic Context

Germany—Defence Structure

Germany—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Poland—Strategic Context

Poland—Defence Structure

Poland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Sweden—Strategic Context

Sweden—Defence Structure

Sweden—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Turkey—Strategic Context

Turkey—Defence Structure

Turkey—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Austria—Strategic Context

Austria—Defence Structure

Austria—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Switzerland—Strategic Context

Switzerland—Defence Structure

Switzerland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Spain—Strategic Context

Spain—Defence Structure

Spain—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Bulgaria—Strategic Context

Bulgaria—Defence Structure

Bulgaria—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Finland—Strategic Context

Finland—Defence Structure

Finland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Croatia—Strategic Context

Croatia—Defence Structure

Croatia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

The Czech Republic—Strategic Context

The Czech Republic—Defence Structure

The Czech Republic—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Slovenia—Strategic Context

Slovenia—Defence Structure

Slovenia Republic—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Slovakia—Strategic Context

Slovakia—Defence Structure

Slovakia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Serbia—Strategic Context

Serbia—Defence Structure

Serbia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Denmark—Strategic Context

Denmark—Defence Structure

Denmark—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Belgium—Strategic Context

Belgium—Defence Structure

Belgium—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Italy—Strategic Context

Italy—Defence Structure

Italy—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Ireland—Strategic Context

Ireland—Defence Structure

Ireland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Georgia—Strategic Context

Georgia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Greece—Strategic Context

Greece—Defence Structure

Greece—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Romania—Strategic Context

Romania—Defence Structure

Romania—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Hungary—Strategic Context

Hungary—Defence Structure

Hungary—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Portugal—Strategic Context

Portugal—Defence Structure

Portugal—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Norway—Strategic Context

Norway—Defence Structure

Norway—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

The Netherlands—Strategic Context

The Netherlands—Defence Structure

The Netherlands—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities

Estonia—Strategic Context

Estonia—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Latvia—Strategic Context

Latvia—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Lithuania—Strategic Context

Lithuania—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Cyprus—Strategic Context

Cyprus—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Malta—Strategic Context

Malta—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Albania—Strategic Context

Albania—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Montenegro—Strategic Context

Montenegro—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Bosnia and Herzegovina—Strategic Context

Bosnia and Herzegovina—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Macedonia—Strategic Context

Macedonia—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Kosovo—Strategic Context

Kosovo—Defence Structure and Opportunities

Conclusion

Legal Disclaimer

Abbreviations

List of Exhibits

List of Figures
  • 1. Military Spending, Europe, 2008–2017
  • 2. Historical Defence Budget, UK, 2013–2017
  • 3. Historical Defence Budget, France, 2013–2017
  • 4. Historical Defence Budget, Germany, 2013–2017
  • 5. Historical Defence Budget, Poland, 2013–2017
  • 6. Historical Defence Budget, Sweden, 2013–2017
  • 7. Historical Defence Budget, Turkey, 2013–2017
  • 8. Historical Defence Budget, Austria, 2013–2017
  • 9. Historical Defence Budget, Switzerland, 2013–2017
  • 10. Historical Defence Budget, Spain, 2013–2017
  • 11. Historical Defence Budget, Bulgaria, 2013–2017
  • 12. Historical Defence Budget, Finland, 2013–2017
  • 13. Historical Defence Budget, Croatia, 2013–2017
  • 14. Historical Defence Budget, The Czech Republic, 2013–2017
  • 15. Historical Defence Budget, Slovenia, 2013–2017
  • 16. Historical Defence Budget, Slovakia, 2013–2017
  • 17. Historical Defence Budget, Serbia, 2013–2017
  • 18. Historical Defence Budget, Denmark, 2013–2017
  • 19. Historical Defence Budget, Belgium, 2013–2017
  • 20. Historical Defence Budget, Italy, 2013–2017
  • 21. Historical Defence Budget, Ireland, 2013–2017
  • 22. Historical Defence Budget, Georgia, 2013–2017
  • 23. Historical Defence Budget, Greece, 2013–2017
  • 24. Historical Defence Budget, Romania, 2013–2017
  • 25. Historical Defence Budget, Hungary, 2013–2017
  • 26. Historical Defence Budget, Portugal, 2013–2017
  • 27. Historical Defence Budget, Norway, 2013–2017
  • 28. Historical Defence Budget, The Netherlands, 2013–2017
  • 29. Historical Defence Budget, Estonia, 2013–2017
  • 30. Historical Defence Budget, Latvia, 2013–2017
  • 31. Historical Defence Budget, Lithuania, 2013–2017
  • 32. Historical Defence Budget, Cyprus, 2013–2017
  • 33. Historical Defence Budget, Malta, 2013–2017
  • 34. Historical Defence Budget, Albania, 2013–2017
  • 35. Historical Defence Budget, Montenegro, 2013–2017
  • 36. Historical Defence Budget, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013–2017
  • 37. Historical Defence Budget, Macedonia, 2013–2017
  • 38. Historical Defence Budget, Kosovo, 2013–2017
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Europe’s economic recovery has been slow, countries are trying to reduce their national debt by reducing government spending , and this, in turn, has the potential to influence defence allocation .The economic situation of Cyprus, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, and Ireland continues to be worrying and future bailouts to support these countries might put additional pressure on defence spending. Even against this background, emerging conventional and unconventional security threats and the pressure from NATO and the US to meet the spending commitments might be sufficient to see a considerable defence spending growth in the future. The exit of the UK might result in higher defence spending to conduct operations more independently. The increased tempo of air policing measures carried out by European air forces and the need to maintain high availability of the combat aircraft fleet might result in the military aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul business grow in the coming years. With newer and more advanced threats appearing from rival nations such as Russia and China, more funds might be invested in larger European nations into newer capabilities. Central European countries will build their air forces around the purchase/lease of aircraft. Larger countries and Central European countries will look to bolster their air defence equipment, both tactical and missile defence systems, to counter Russian missile deployments. The ground deployments by NATO in the Eastern Flank of Europe would require high-readiness armour and mechanised and artillery forces. Larger countries might invest in a small number of new tanks and artillery. While inducting new infantry fighting vehicles and wheeled personnel carriers, vehicles in storage might be put back into service along with upgrades to existing vehicles, which might create opportunities for repair and upgrades. Central European countries primarily aim at upgrading existing vehicles and adding new wheeled armoured vehicle
More Information
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Podcast No
Table of Contents | Executive Summary~ || Key Findings~ || Study Scope~ | Introduction~ || Introduction~ || An Overview of the European Security Scenario~ || European Geopolitical Scenario—Threats~ || European Defence Spending~ || European Security Strategy~ || European Defence Cooperation Frameworks~ || EU and NATO Members—2018~ || Operational Priorities for Cooperation~ || EU Common Security and Defence Strategy~ || European Bilateral and Multilateral Defence Cooperation Agreements~ || PESCO Capability Enhancement~ || Future European Strategy and Capability Enhancement~ || NATO and US Ground Deployments in the European Eastern Flank~ || NATO Engagement in Europe~ || US Policy Towards Europe~ || Future of US and NATO Role in Europe~ || Growth Opportunity 1—Simulated Training and Automated Logistics Management~ || Growth Opportunity 2—Compressing the Sensor to Shooter Loop~ || Growth Opportunity 3—Performance Based Logistics~ || Growth Opportunity 4—Europeanization of the Defence Industry~ || Growth Opportunity 5—ISR as a Service~ || Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth~ | Europe—National Defence Strategies~ || United Kingdom—Strategic Context~ || The UK—Defence Structure~ || The UK—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || France—Strategic Context~ || France—Defence Structure~ || France—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Germany—Strategic Context~ || Germany—Defence Structure~ || Germany—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Poland—Strategic Context~ || Poland—Defence Structure~ || Poland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Sweden—Strategic Context~ || Sweden—Defence Structure~ || Sweden—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Turkey—Strategic Context~ || Turkey—Defence Structure~ || Turkey—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Austria—Strategic Context~ || Austria—Defence Structure~ || Austria—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Switzerland—Strategic Context~ || Switzerland—Defence Structure~ || Switzerland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Spain—Strategic Context~ || Spain—Defence Structure~ || Spain—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Bulgaria—Strategic Context~ || Bulgaria—Defence Structure~ || Bulgaria—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Finland—Strategic Context~ || Finland—Defence Structure~ || Finland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Croatia—Strategic Context~ || Croatia—Defence Structure~ || Croatia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || The Czech Republic—Strategic Context~ || The Czech Republic—Defence Structure~ || The Czech Republic—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Slovenia—Strategic Context~ || Slovenia—Defence Structure~ || Slovenia Republic—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Slovakia—Strategic Context~ || Slovakia—Defence Structure~ || Slovakia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Serbia—Strategic Context~ || Serbia—Defence Structure~ || Serbia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Denmark—Strategic Context~ || Denmark—Defence Structure~ || Denmark—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Belgium—Strategic Context~ || Belgium—Defence Structure~ || Belgium—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Italy—Strategic Context~ || Italy—Defence Structure~ || Italy—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Ireland—Strategic Context~ || Ireland—Defence Structure~ || Ireland—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Georgia—Strategic Context~ || Georgia—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Greece—Strategic Context~ || Greece—Defence Structure~ || Greece—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Romania—Strategic Context~ || Romania—Defence Structure~ || Romania—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Hungary—Strategic Context~ || Hungary—Defence Structure~ || Hungary—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Portugal—Strategic Context~ || Portugal—Defence Structure~ || Portugal—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Norway—Strategic Context~ || Norway—Defence Structure~ || Norway—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || The Netherlands—Strategic Context~ || The Netherlands—Defence Structure~ || The Netherlands—Defence Industrial Base and Opportunities~ || Estonia—Strategic Context~ || Estonia—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Latvia—Strategic Context~ || Latvia—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Lithuania—Strategic Context~ || Lithuania—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Cyprus—Strategic Context~ || Cyprus—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Malta—Strategic Context~ || Malta—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Albania—Strategic Context~ || Albania—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Montenegro—Strategic Context~ || Montenegro—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Bosnia and Herzegovina—Strategic Context~ || Bosnia and Herzegovina—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Macedonia—Strategic Context~ || Macedonia—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ || Kosovo—Strategic Context~ || Kosovo—Defence Structure and Opportunities~ | Conclusion~ || Conclusion~ || Legal Disclaimer~ | Appendix~ || Abbreviations~ || List of Exhibits~ | The Frost & Sullivan Story~
List of Charts and Figures 1. Military Spending, Europe, 2008–2017 ~ 2. Historical Defence Budget, UK, 2013–2017~ 3. Historical Defence Budget, France, 2013–2017~ 4. Historical Defence Budget, Germany, 2013–2017~ 5. Historical Defence Budget, Poland, 2013–2017~ 6. Historical Defence Budget, Sweden, 2013–2017~ 7. Historical Defence Budget, Turkey, 2013–2017~ 8. Historical Defence Budget, Austria, 2013–2017~ 9. Historical Defence Budget, Switzerland, 2013–2017~ 10. Historical Defence Budget, Spain, 2013–2017~ 11. Historical Defence Budget, Bulgaria, 2013–2017~ 12. Historical Defence Budget, Finland, 2013–2017~ 13. Historical Defence Budget, Croatia, 2013–2017~ 14. Historical Defence Budget, The Czech Republic, 2013–2017~ 15. Historical Defence Budget, Slovenia, 2013–2017~ 16. Historical Defence Budget, Slovakia, 2013–2017~ 17. Historical Defence Budget, Serbia, 2013–2017~ 18. Historical Defence Budget, Denmark, 2013–2017~ 19. Historical Defence Budget, Belgium, 2013–2017~ 20. Historical Defence Budget, Italy, 2013–2017~ 21. Historical Defence Budget, Ireland, 2013–2017~ 22. Historical Defence Budget, Georgia, 2013–2017~ 23. Historical Defence Budget, Greece, 2013–2017~ 24. Historical Defence Budget, Romania, 2013–2017~ 25. Historical Defence Budget, Hungary, 2013–2017~ 26. Historical Defence Budget, Portugal, 2013–2017~ 27. Historical Defence Budget, Norway, 2013–2017~ 28. Historical Defence Budget, The Netherlands, 2013–2017~ 29. Historical Defence Budget, Estonia, 2013–2017~ 30. Historical Defence Budget, Latvia, 2013–2017~ 31. Historical Defence Budget, Lithuania, 2013–2017~ 32. Historical Defence Budget, Cyprus, 2013–2017~ 33. Historical Defence Budget, Malta, 2013–2017~ 34. Historical Defence Budget, Albania, 2013–2017~ 35. Historical Defence Budget, Montenegro, 2013–2017~ 36. Historical Defence Budget, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013–2017~ 37. Historical Defence Budget, Macedonia, 2013–2017~ 38. Historical Defence Budget, Kosovo, 2013–2017~
Author Jaison Deepak
Industries Aerospace, Defence and Security
WIP Number MDAC-01-00-00-00
Is Prebook No
GPS Codes 9000-A1